Logistics in Mexico have evolved in such a way that consumers have access to a wide range of items from all over the world, which we can obtain through various sales channels, in such a simple way that we usually do not realize how long they must have traveled. The logistics to get an item to any part of the country are quite elaborated.
Mexican territory is located in a privileged strategic point since it is not only linked to the north with the most important nation in the world, but it is also surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean on both sides, so it has access to maritime transport by part of all continents.
On its southern border, it connects with the rest of the South American countries by land, which means that the country is connected to the outside world in every way. The processes of international opening and integration apparently represent a powerful instrument for the expansion of trade and investment between countries. The border region of Mexico plays a fundamental role. It is the physical transit space for the flow of productive factors and goods.
The northern border of Mexico, adjacent to the USA, has particularly special characteristics, including being the most active in the world in the crossing of people and having a marked polarization and economic complexity.
The border local and regional economic agenda covers a wide variety of issues: migration, trade, foreign direct investment, employment, energy, the environment, income distribution, etc.
Maritime transport in Mexico is and always has been one of the key pillars of the development of our industry and international trade. It is a sector that continues to grow and modernize, and that today offers advantages and solutions not only to large companies, but also to small and medium-sized exporters and importers who want to expand their business opportunities.
The history of maritime transport in Mexico is one of the most important since colonial times because given its privileged geographical location and the fact that it has eleven thousand kilometers of coastline in both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, as well as the Gulf and the Caribbean, they give the country efficient shipping routes to all the continents and the most important production centers in the world.
Mexico is a major exporter (it is estimated that it sells nearly 400 million dollars a year in merchandise) but also, increasingly, a major importer. The Mexican maritime infrastructure allows sending and receiving all types of cargo, from petrochemical fluids to mineral or agricultural bulk and general containers.
The costs of maritime transport in Mexico depend on the distances, the tariffs by type of merchandise and the regulations imposed by the country of origin.
Mexico has an area of 1,964,375 km2, so it can be considered a large country with a population of 127,792,000 people. The country is a highly populated country and has a moderate population density, 65 inhabitants per km2. Ciudad de México has almost nine million inhabitants, spread over an immense area, which determines the distances and delivery times within the city itself.
A Mexican logistics company can have an excellent infrastructure in the supply chain and an excellent response in the processes of moving products from the warehouse to the different distribution points.
As part of the solutions, companies can benefit from projects such as the one developed by ProMéxico within the framework of its national strategy based on road maps, which resulted in the National Logistics Road Map (MRNL), which purpose is to unify the information and efforts by institutions and professionals in terms of goods, technologies, transportation, infrastructure and other resources related to the logistics sector in Mexico.
Logistics challenges in Mexico
Much of the logistics challenges regarding distribution and last-mile deliveries in Mexico are related to the management of land transportation. 75% of carriers operating in southern Mexico have access to an average of one hundred trucks or less, which in many cases are family owned. For this reason, they also do not have the financial resources to invest in the purchase of new vehicles and thus be able to keep pace with the expansion in demand for their services.
In the national services for deliveries, there are four categories:
- Determined time of the following day (7:45 am, 8:30 am, 11:00 am, etc.)
- The next day
- Specific day (2 days, 4 days, etc.)
- Reissues (once a week or every fifteen days, depending on the destination).
In turn, there are two international services:
- Express (from 1 to 3 days, depending on the destination country)
- Deferred (from 2 to 6 days, depending on the destination country)
The logistics sector in Mexico is very competitive, and has many companies offering the best services. These are some of the most important (in alphabetical order):
- Castores. Grupo Castores has a history of 40 years of experience transporting assets throughout the Aztec territory and its door-to-door parcel service makes daily departures to more than 1,100 destinations.
- Correos de México: has a national and international parcel delivery service, as well as an accelerated or express courier service. It currently has a coverage of 98% of the Mexican Republic, 2,538 routes and land circuits, as well as more than 27,000 service points of which 1,411 are offices for customer service distributed throughout the country and 1,112 are service windows.
- Cubbo. This startup is specialized in the concept of micro-fulfillment, its mission is to offer technological and logistical solutions for online merchants.
- DHL. This german company is the most important parcel company worldwide, provides solutions in many markets, including Mexico, where it has a range of solutions adaptable to the specific needs of your business.
- Estafeta. Mexican company which job is to identify opportunities in the supply chain and customize processes based on detected needs.
- Estrella Blanca. This group diversifies into several transportation services: parcel and courier services with coverage to the 32 states of Mexico, travel, auto transport, removals, flights, vacations, buses and more.
- FedEx. US based logistics company with international coverage that provides a variety of services and tools to simplify shipments of any kind, whether heavy or light, urgent or not.
- Flecha Amarilla. Mexican parcel that covers more than 300 destinations in 19 states of the Republic of Mexico with express modalities, freight collect, special trips, business agreements and of course their logistics for eCommerce.
- Logisfashion. Multinational logistics operator specialized in logistics for fashion and eCommerce with a presence in Europe, America and Asia.
- MexPost. Service in charge within the Mexican Postal Service (SEPOMEX) of offering accelerated messaging with the possibility of sending merchandise to national and international destinations with high delivery priority, both for documents and parcels.
- RedPack. Network of comprehensive storage, picking & packing services and all kinds of solutions tailored to the needs of each client and each shipment.
- Tres Guerras. Mexican logistics firm that has developed an infrastructure made up of 1,000 heavy cargo units, 104 warehouses located throughout the country and 380 local delivery units, which allows them to cover 95% of the national territory in door-to-door delivery.
- UPS. Giant global network of facilities, carriers, technology and experts to optimize and manage supply chains, from warehousing to shipping, returns and repairs, all to create competitive and logistical advantages for businesses in the local or international market.
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